The Economic History of European Jews: Late

The Economic History of European Jews: Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages – Michael Toch
BRILL | 2012 | PDF

“The Economic History of European Jews” attempts to make sense of the economic foundations of Jewish life in the different parts of late antique and early medieval Europe. In the first part Michael Toch describes the demographic arc, decline, subsequent rise, and spatial distribution of Jewish populations. This data is then broadened to include the range of economic activities. The second part analyses the actual share of Jews in different branches of the economy. This includes the idea of their pioneer role and the notion of an intercontinental network of Jewish commerce, the phenomenon of Jews in agriculture and entrepreneurship, gender roles and the household mode of production, and the difficult subject of the significance of minority status for economic activity, among others.

• Part One: Stocktaking: Regional Populations and Livelihoods
Chapter 1 – Byzantium
Chapter 2 – Italy
Chapter 3 – Gaul, The Lands of The Franks, France and Germany
Chapter 4 – The Iberian Peninsula
Chapter 5 – Eastern Europe
• Part Two: Economic Functions and Significance
Chapter 6 – Jews, Commerce, and Money
Chapter 7 – Landholding, Crafts, Enterprises, Medicine, and the Internal Jewish Economy
Chapter 8 – Historical Conclusions